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Plant Reference Guide

Native Trees

Acer negundo / box elder
Acer rubrum / red maple
Acer saccharinum / silver maple
Acer saccharum / sugar maple
Betula lenta / black or sweet birch
Betula nigra / river birch
Carpinus caroliniana / hornbeam
Celtis occidentalis / hackberry
Cercis canadensis / eastern redbud
Cornus florida / flowering dogwood
Fagus grandifolia / American beech
Fraxinus americana / white ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica / green ash
Juniperus virginiana / eastern red cedar
Liquidambar styraciflua / sweet gum
Liriodendron tulipifera / tulip poplar
Magnolia virginiana / sweetbay magnolia
Nyssa sylvatica / black gum
Plantanus occidentalis / American sycamore
Prunus americana / wild plum
Prunus serotina / black cherry
Quercus alba / white oak
Quercus bicolor / swamp white oak
Quercus coccinea / scarlet oak
Quercus palustris / pin oak
Quercus prinus / chestnut oak
Quercus rubra / red oak
Quercus velutina / black oak
Salix nigra / black willow
Sassafras albidum / sassafras
Tilia americana / basswood

Native Shrubs

Alnus rugosa / speckled alder
Alnus serrulata / smooth alder
Amelanchier canadensis / shadbush serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis / Allegheny serviceberry
Aronia arbutifolia / red chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa / black chokeberry
Baccharis halimifolia / groundseltree-sea myrtle
Cephalanthus occidentalis / buttonbush
Clethra alnifolia / sweet pepperbush
Cornus amomum / silky dogwood
Cornus racemosa / gray dogwood
Cornus sericea / red-osier dogwood
Hamamelis virginiana / witchhazel
Ilex verticillata / winterberry
Itea virginica / Virginia sweetspire
Iva frutescens / marsh elder
Lindera benzoin / spicebush
Myrica pensylvanica / northern bayberry
Physocarpus opulifolius / common ninebark
Prunus maritima / beach plum
Rhus aromatica / fragrant sumac
Rhus copalina / dwarf winged sumac
Rhus typhina / staghorn sumac
Salix sericea / silky willow
Sambucus canadensis / elderberry
Viburnum dentatum / arrowwood
Viburnum lentago / nannyberry
Viburnum prunifolium / black haw
Viburnum trilobum / cranberry bush

Streambank Stabilization Plants

The following plants are available as live steaksand facines for stream bioengineering projects. Plants are harvested when completely dormant (December – March).

* Non-native cultivar

Cornus amomum / silky dogwood
Cornus racemosa / gray dogwood
Cornus sericea / red-osier dogwood
Salix cotteti / “Banker’s” dwarf willow*
Salix exigua / sandbar willow
Salix nigra / black willow
Salix purpurea / “Streamco” willow*
Salix sericea / silky willow

 

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